Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, which is the most oldest and widest palace from past to present in the world. Topkapı Palace was located in Sarayburnu which is also Ottoman Empire’s control centre. The capital city of Ottoman Empire was controlled from Topkapı Palace where was lived on Ottoman Sultan and his dynasty. Topkapı Palace was used as a control central. Topkapı Palace was the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans for approximately 400 years.
” Topkapı Palace View ”
In addition, Topkapı Palace had built in 1465, after twelve years of Fall of Costantinople in Fatih Sultan Mehmed Era ( 1451-1481 ). In early years, the name of the Topkapı Palace was Saray-ı Cedid-i Amire which means new palace. Fatih Sultan Mehmed had wanted to Topkapı Palace had consist of many mansions and rooms not only one building. So, construction had started regarding to special desire of the Sultan. In Ottoman Era had been added and recondited somethings to building. In fact, Topkapı Palace’s area was 700.000 square meters but its area is 80.000 square meters now.
” Topkapı Palace’s area ”
In 1825, Topkapı Palace was reconstructed as of wood and its name was called Topkapı Palace, all that area. Topkapı Palace was the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans for approximately 400 years. Topkapı Palace is used as a museum since 1924. There are 10 mosques, 3 namazgahes, ( open- air prayer place, usually an unroofed and stone platform ) 8 dormitory buildings, 14 Turkish Bathes- Hammam, 2 hospitals, 2 pharmacies, 5 schools, 12 libraries, 7 treasure houses, 6 towers, 22 fountains, 11 shafts, 2 cisterns, 6 pools, 2 bubble levels, 1 hanging garden, 20 dome kitchens, 348 rooms, and saloons, and summerhouses in Sarayburnu, in Topkapı Palace. Moreover, Topkapı Palace’s view sees Golden Horn, Marmara Sea and The Bosphorus. Topkapı Palace is a large palace which was the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans and it is also known the first foundation place of Istanbul in acropolis hill. Work arts is exhibited in Topkapı Palace one of a kind masterpieces in the world. The functions as a palace are very different. Topkapı Palace was not only a palace where was the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultan, governmental center of state affairs, meeting point of cabinet, state coffers, mint and the place where has archives. Variable tiles, woodworks and architectural style.
” Topkapı Palace and Golden Horn View ”
First Courtyard is known Bab-ı Hümayun which is entered Imperial Gate. First Courtyard functioned is the largest of all the courtyards of the palace. Memoralized fountain in the outdoor which is better examples of 18. Century Turkish Art. In First Courtyard, there are milt, wood depot, special vegetable gardens, palace oven and troop of guardsmen. Çinili Köşk and Archeology Museum are also in First Courtyard. In addition, Hagia Eirene Museum is in First Courtyard.
” First Courtyard, Imperial Gate ”
” Hagia Eirene Museum ”
Second Courtyard is the centre of the state and government which is also called Diwan Square. Only Sultans rode a horse in these area where was hosted official ceremonies. Tower of Justice is in there where is located between the Imperial Council and the Harem. All of Istanbul and harbour had peeped whose enterance is Harem part.
” Tower of Justice ”
Harem enterance opens to the Room of Sultan’s Mother then the other of apartments. Big Turkish Bath and Sultan Saloon with Dome are next parts of th Harem. There are a lot of fountains and owens in Harem. Big saloon with interesting pools and fountains was III. Murad Era work art and also it has several figurative tiles in there. Deep part of the saloon opens Yemiş Odası- Fruit Room which was decorated intersting fruit and flower patterns.
” Harem Enterance ”
All of the service team, hierarchical group, Sultan’s Mother- she was also owner of Harem, concubines, eunuchs, the sultan’s consorts, the princes and the favourites, the concubines, the Chief Harem Eunuch and dynasty were lived Harem. Numbeer of apartments are not known nowaday but many of the rooms, apartments and feauwere designed by Mimar Sinan.
” Courtyard of Harem ”
Imperial Treasure is the richest collection of the world. Work arts are otantic and original which exhibite four rooms. Turkish Jewellery in variable centuries, with Far- East, European and Indian work arts are charmed to its visitors. Hoods, crowns, emerald hangers, jade, spelter and pebble wonderous work arts, Russian, Chinese, Persian, Indian handmade fine art woks, in the jewel collection of the Ottoman imperial house- Kaşıkçı Elması, two big candlestick which was made from pure gold, ceremony swords and daggers, Topkapı Dagger, jewelleries and rings, in the jewel collection of the Ottoman imperial house, shields of III. Mustafa, gold cradle are in treasure house.
” Topkapi Palace Museum, Hereke carpet with a fountain design ”
” In the Jewel Collection of the Ottoman Imperial House- Kaşıkçı Elması ”
” Topkapı Palace Dagger ”
Privy Chamber houses the Chamber of the Sacred Relics in Topkapı Palace which was constructed by Mimar Sinan. It houses what are considered to be the most sacred relics of the Muslim World. Quran is always recited in Chamber of the Sacred Relics and visitor hear Quran and see Sacred Relics. Century of 16., The Ottoman Empire conquested Egypt which carried the Sacred Relics and until that time The Ottoman Empire protected all of them. In the Chamber of the Sacred Relics includes the cloak of the Prophet Muhammad, two swords, a bow, seal, one tooth, a hair of his beard, his battle sabres, an autographed letter, the swords of the first four Caliphs, The Staff of Moses,one of the first monuscript Qurans, the Key of Kaaba, private persons swords,the turban of Joseph and a carpet of the daughter of Mohammed and other relics which are known as the Sacred Trusts in Topkapı Palace.
” Drawer of Hırkay-ı Saadet From Sacred Relics Room Topkapı Palace ”
” Stewpot of propet Abraham in Topkapı Palace ”
Sultans dresses are also in Topkapı Palace which are exhibited right side of courtyard. However, Sultans dresses are matchless in the world. Approximately 2500 dresses was hidden in special chests. Silk, silver and gold brocades Sultans dresses are exhibited with silk carpet and special sajjade.
” Costumes Of The Ottoman Sultans, Topkapı Palace ”
Watch Collection Chamber is the most ricest collection. In the enterance , watches are there which were own Turkish Artist. Invaluable wall and table clocks, hunting watches are dated centuries of 16.-19.
” From Breguet Clocks Exhibition in Topkapı Palace ”
Sultan Portrait Gallery exhibited Sultans oil paintings which also has variable documentaries, books, miniatures, writing set. In addition, exhibitions are consisted of beauty work arts.
” Portrait of Fatih Sultan Mehmed ”
” Portrait of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman ”
Nowadays, Topkapı Palace is visited by big tourist groups which is served as a museum. In 1985, Topkapı Palace was listed Unesco World Heritage List. The palace complex has hundreds of rooms and chambers. The Topkapı Palace is in the Sultanahmet neighborhood near Eminonu in the Old City area, and is open daily between 09:00 – 17:00 except on Tuesdays.Add your ”to do list” visit Istanbul and visit Topkapı Palace.
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